OTHER GALLIC TRIBES
Helvetii (Much land possessors):
The Helvetii lived in much of Modern Switzerland. They maintained many late Halstatt traits and still wore bronze and iron breastplates.
Caesar states that the Helvetii used “a battle line drawn up in very close order, a highly discipline phalanx..” and that they had slaughtered his cavalry and caused huge problems for his “four veteran legions before they withdrew before a hail of pilum which pinned their shields together so they could not move effectively” (Battle of Bibracte 58 BC, De bello Gallico, I.24.4, Julius Caesar). Key figures include their King Divico.
Helvetii Cavalry Helvetii Javeliner
The Boii had migrated from Bohemia in the mid 5th century BC (which is named after them). They established Mutina (Modena), Bononia (Bologna), Vindobona (Vienna) and Juvavum (Salzburg). They were one of the more restless tribes, joining with the Volcae in the push East (Eastern Europe, Thrace, Greece and Asia Minor) and West (Spain / Iberia). They were also involved in the push South (Northern Italy) with the Insubres. The Boii in Cisapline Gaul were allied to the Insubres against the Romans and were subsequently loosely drawn into the Aedui confederacy.
They dressed in classic La tene style. Polybius mentions them wearing trousers and light cloaks. Archaeology tells us that they had larger than normal iron swords. “..from the size of the handles they must have been a race of large men” – (The Celts, Daithi O Hogain, 2002). Isolated from further cultural developments in Gaul, they still wore their hair shorter and spiked up until the mid 1st Century BC.
Leaders of renown include Dorulatos and Boiorix
Boii Standard Bearer
Insubres (home dwellers):
The Insubres were a splinter group from the Aedui of Gaul and were the first to invade Northern Italy. They founded Mediolanum (literally meaning middle plain, now Milan) and wore the standard attire of Cisalpine Gauls. Looking similar to Boii they also wore bronze helmets with protruding feathers.
Volcae (wolves meaning raiding warriors):
The Volcae with the Boii formed the bulk of Celtic forces moving out of the Celtic homeland. Like the Boii, many of the subsequent tribes throughout Iberia, Eastern Europe and Asia Minor were splinter groups descended from this tribe.