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Thread: THE CELTS

  1. #31
    Member Member PSYCHO's Avatar
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    OTHER GALLIC TRIBES



    Helvetii (Much land possessors):
    The Helvetii lived in much of Modern Switzerland. They maintained many late Halstatt traits and still wore bronze and iron breastplates.
    Caesar states that the Helvetii used “a battle line drawn up in very close order, a highly discipline phalanx..” and that they had slaughtered his cavalry and caused huge problems for his “four veteran legions before they withdrew before a hail of pilum which pinned their shields together so they could not move effectively” (Battle of Bibracte 58 BC, De bello Gallico, I.24.4, Julius Caesar). Key figures include their King Divico.

    Helvetii Noble
    Helvetii Cavalry Helvetii Javeliner


    Boii (Attackers):
    The Boii had migrated from Bohemia in the mid 5th century BC (which is named after them). They established Mutina (Modena), Bononia (Bologna), Vindobona (Vienna) and #Juvavum (Salzburg). They were one of the more restless tribes, joining with the Volcae in the push East (Eastern Europe, Thrace, Greece and Asia Minor) and West (Spain / Iberia). They were also involved in the push South (Northern Italy) with the Insubres. The Boii in Cisapline Gaul were allied to the Insubres against the Romans and were subsequently loosely drawn into the Aedui confederacy.
    They dressed in classic La tene style. Polybius mentions them wearing trousers and light cloaks. Archaeology tells us that they had larger than normal iron swords. “..from the size of the handles they must have been a race of large men” – (The Celts, Daithi O Hogain, 2002). Isolated from further cultural developments in Gaul, they still wore their hair shorter and spiked up until the mid 1st Century BC.
    Leaders of renown include Dorulatos and #Boiorix

    Boii Standard Bearer

    Insubres (home dwellers):
    The Insubres were a splinter group from the Aedui of Gaul and were the first to invade Northern Italy. They founded Mediolanum (literally meaning middle plain, now Milan) and wore the standard attire of Cisalpine Gauls. Looking similar to Boii they also wore bronze helmets with protruding feathers.

    Insubre Infantry


    Volcae (wolves meaning raiding warriors):
    The Volcae with the Boii formed the bulk of Celtic forces moving out of the Celtic homeland. Like the Boii, many of the subsequent tribes throughout Iberia, Eastern Europe and Asia Minor were splinter groups descended from this tribe.

    Volcae Infantry



    PSYCHO V

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  2. #32
    Arrogant Ashigaru Moderator Ludens's Avatar
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    Now this is the information Europa Barbarorum is looking for. I don't expect CA to add this all, and certainly not in this detail, but I don't see how we could demand more if only half of this was implemented.

    A round of applause for master Psycho, please

  3. #33
    Tovenaar Senior Member The Wizard's Avatar
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    I have a bit of a problem imagining how hill forts looked like.

    Do I need to look at Age of Mythology's depiction of it? Or is there something else?

    Please help



    ~Wiz
    "It ain't where you're from / it's where you're at."

    Eric B. & Rakim, I Know You Got Soul

  4. #34
    Member Member PSYCHO's Avatar
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    HILLFORTS

    The Hillfort or 'Oppida' as the Romans called them were generally large forts situated on commanding positions over looking the land which they controlled, a proto-medieval castle.

    They usually consisted of a number of lines of defence running in concentric circles around a central fort built on a man-made hill. The style of wall generally depended on the size of the fortification.

    “But this is usually the form of all the Gallic walls. Straight beams, connected lengthwise and two feet distant from each other at equal intervals, are placed together on the ground; these are mortised on the inside, and covered with plenty of earth. But the intervals which we have mentioned, are closed up in front by large stones. These being thus laid and cemented together, another row is added above, in such a manner, that the same interval may be observed, and that the beams may not touch one another, but equal spaces intervening, each row of beams is kept firmly in its place by a row of stones. In this manner the whole wall is consolidated, until the regular height of the wall be completed. This work, with respect to appearance and variety, is not unsightly, owing to the alternate rows of beams and stones, which preserve their order in right lines; and, besides, it possesses great advantages as regards utility and the defence of cities; for the stone protects it from fire, and the wood from the battering ram, since it [the wood] being mortised in the inside with rows of beams, generally forty feet each in length, can neither be broken through nor torn asunder.” - (De bello Gallico, Julius Caesar, 7:23)


    There were generally four distinct wall types:

    1) For the smaller ‘oppida’, the walls involved a cross patch work of wooden posts filled with earth.

    2) The medium ‘oppida’, had walls made of a stone base hollowed in the middle, filled with dirt with a wooden palisade on top.



    Fort entrance of Boii Oppida

    3) The large ‘oppida’, had walls made of stone, built on a base of wood, earth and rock. They usually included towers.



    4) In the more prominent Celtic centres the 'oppida' were huge and included all sorts of towers, gates and walls with advanced masonry akin to Greek style fortifications.

    Hillfort

    Caesar mentions that the Gauls also used a series of stakes and pits around their oppida, mined the enemies siege works and used pitch.

    “Devices of every sort were opposed by the Gauls; since they are a nation of consummate ingenuity, and most skilful in #making those things; by means of engines they skilfully destroy our works..because there are in their territories extensive iron mines, and consequently every description of mining operations and engineering is known and practiced by them. They had furnished, more over, the whole wall on every side with turrets, and had covered them with skins to fire proof them” - #(De bello Gallico, Julius Caesar, 7:22)

    It's worth noting that the Romans seemed quite impressed with the design of Celtic walls in their fortifications. They never seemed to be able to knock holes through them and were forced to either build an earthen ramp and roll a siege tower up to the wall, ram through the front gate or use assault ladders.


    Hope that helps wiz
    Cheers




    PSYCHO V

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  5. #35
    Tovenaar Senior Member The Wizard's Avatar
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    Sorry for the late reply, but --

    It helped a whole handful Thanks for the effort



    ~Wiz
    "It ain't where you're from / it's where you're at."

    Eric B. & Rakim, I Know You Got Soul

  6. #36
    Member Member PSYCHO's Avatar
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    np
    PSYCHO V

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  7. #37
    Member Member king steven's Avatar
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    is this topic about Irish/Celtic history cos this link

    http://www.countryreports.org/content/Ireland.htm might help (if the link works)


  8. #38
    For TosaInu and the Org Senior Member The_Emperor's Avatar
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    I think we are mainly dealing with the Celtic cultures of Britain and Europe...

    Ireland was after all never conquered by the Romans and as such we can't be sure that it will be avaliable in the game.

    BTW any extra info on the Britons would be much appreciated, i am getting tired of searching for Celtic history and running into King Arthur and Merlin.
    "Believe those who are seeking the truth; doubt those who find it."

  9. #39
    Member Member PSYCHO's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by [b
    Quote[/b] (The_Emperor @ June 25 2004,07:18)]i am getting tired of searching for Celtic history and running into King Arthur and Merlin. #
    ..yup, or some celtic folk-art tripe.

    cheers



    PSYCHO V

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