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Thread: The Rome or David Casket, Byzantine, late 9thC

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    Default The Rome or David Casket, Byzantine, late 9thC

    Illustrations of The Rome or David Casket, Byzantine, 898 or 900AD
    An ivory casket in the Palazzo Venezia, Rome.
    This casket has had an interesting attribution history. The casket had been attributed to Armenia based on the strangeness of the lettering of part of the inscription. Later this was found to be due to repair of the casket, probably in the 17th century.
    Dating and attribution:
    10th Century Armenian - J Strzygowski, Byzantinische Zeitscrift, x, 1901, pp 728-30.
    10th Century Armenian - A. Venturi, Storia dell'arte italiana, II, Milan, 1902.
    10th to 11th Century Armenian - Goldschmidt and Weitzmann, Die byzantinischen Elfenbeinskulpturen des X.-XIII. Jahrhunderts, 2 vols., Berlin, 1930-34. 1, no. 123.
    Sicilian or south Italian 2nd half of the 12th Century - E. Robinson, "The Rome Casket," in Studies in Memory of David Talbot Rice, ed. G. Robertson and G. Henderson, Edinburgh, 1975, 11-15.
    886AD Byzantine - A. Guillou, "Deux ivoires constantinopolitains datés du IXe et siècle," in Byzance et les Slaves, Mélanges Ivan Dujcev. ed. S. Dufrenne, Paris n.d. [1979], 207-09.
    898 or 900AD Byzantine - A Cutler and N Oikonomides, An Imperial Byzantine Casket and Its fate at a Humanist's Hands, The Art Bulletin, Vol. 70, No. 1 (Mar., 1988), pp. 77-87

    Historians who have relied on attributions include:
    Drawings of "Armenian" infantry on the Rome or David Casket from Byzantine Armies 886-1118 1979 by Ian Heath and Angus McBride.
    Armenian infantry from Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 1980 by Ian Heath, based on the Rome or David Casket and its attribution as Armenian.
    Drawings of infantry on the Rome or David Casket from The military technology of classical Islam 1982 by D Nicolle
    608A to 608C. Ivory box, A - "Philistines", B - "Goliath", C - "Goliath", The Rome Casket, late 12th century AD, Sicilian or south Italian, Palazzo di Venezia Museum, Rome.

    Are there any studies of this casket later than Cutler and Oikonomides 1988?

    Coloured images
    Murder of the priests and the women and children of Nob (soldiers equipped as Byzantines) on the front of the Rome or David Casket
    Most of the Byzantine soldiers are on the back of the Rome or David Casket:
    David showing Saul’s severed garment (with Byzantine soldiers behind him) on the lid.
    David in combat with Goliath (as a Byzantine soldier with spear and round shield

    Israelite soldiers (as Byzantines) watching David beheading Goliath
    Rome or David Casket, David beheading Goliath (with an inside view of his Byzantine helmet)
    Philistine soldiers (as Byzantines) dismayed at the defeat of Goliath. Not saluting as some have speculated after seeing isolated images.
    Right side of Rome or David Casket: Saul sleeps in the cave at Engedi, David is anointed, David’s birth
    On the left top of the casket:
    David receiving the show bread and Goliath’s armour from Abimelech (with a soldier with almond-shaped shield)

    The Rome or David Casket, Byzantine, 898 or 900AD

    9th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Click image for larger version. 

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